• Sonja Nikolova Institute of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, Republic of North Macedonia
  • Kristina Dimitrijevikj Clinic for Pulmonology and Allergology, Faculty of Medicine, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, Republic of North Macedonia
  • Marija Dokoska University Clinic for Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, Republic of North Macedonia


PAPVR, CTA, Congenital Cardiovascular Anomaly, Vascular Anatomy


Partial anomalous pulmonary venous return (PAPVR) poses a complex diagnostic challenge due to its varied presentations and intricate vascular anatomy. This article explored the advancements in imaging modalities, particularly computed tomography angiography (CTA) in delineating the diverse manifestations of PAPVR with precision. By a detailed analysis of four clinical cases, this study elucidated the pivotal role of advanced imaging techniques in enhancing diagnostic accuracy and guiding therapeutic interventions for patients with PAPVR.


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Case Reports