KNOWLEDGE AND PRACTICE OF PREVENTION OF HEPATITIS B AMONG HEALTHY POPULATION IN COMMUNITY
Keywords:transmission, knowledge, practice, hepatitis B, healthy population
Introduction: This study aims to evaluate Knowledge of transmission and practice (KAP) towards Hepatitis B (HBV) among healthy population of R.N. Macedonia.
Methods: A cross sectional study was undertaken. 600 healthy individuals (aged 18 years and above) were approached for the study. Descriptive statistics were conducted using frequencies and proportions. Unadjusted odds ratios (OR) and their 95% confidence intervals (CI) were used as indicators of the strength of association. A p-value of 0.05 or less was used as cut off level for statistical significance. All analyses were performed using SPSS 20.0. Internal consistency was assessed by using Cronbach’s alpha (α = 0.78) and was found to be in acceptable ranges.
Results: Majority of participants (39.7%) were from the age group 40–49 and 65.3% of the respondents were female, 46.8% were with university degree; 72.2% of the study participants were married; 92.2%of the respondents came from urban area; 76.7% were employed and 67.7% with moderate monthly income. In terms of knowledge about the mode of transmission, the majority of respondents, i.e. participants in the study showed a moderate level of knowledge - 56.6% points (50% -75% points). Poor knowledge was evident in the answers to the questions related to the transmission piercing-48.3% and the question related to the transmission question cocaine sniffing - 21.0%) Correct answer in the study that showed a good level of knowledge i.v. drug use 87.2%
Conclusion: The positive linear correlations reaffirms that better knowledge of transmission can lead to positive prevention and subsequently in good practices.
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